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Low Back Pain among Nurses in Intensive Care Unit at Selected Hospitals – Khartoum State-In Sudan (2019-2020)

Eslah Mohamed Alradi, Samir Shaheen, Fageery Mohamed Yassin

Eslah Mohamed Alradi1, Samir Shaheen2, Fageery Mohamed Yassin3

1,2,3 Department of fundamental of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Khartoum University, Khartoum, Sudan.


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Abstract

Background: Low back pain (LBP) remains one of the most common occupational hazards among the nursing profession, because the Nursing job needs combination of both physical and psychosocial demanding tasks. The main objective of this study is to determine the work related factors of (LBP) among nurses. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, hospital based study was performed among nurses employed at eight governmental hospitals at Khartoum state-Sudan, during (October-2019-February-2020), through total coverage sampling. Modified a self-administer questionnaire was used to collect data from169 nurse aged between 20 and 49 years, of both sex. Data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 21(confidence level 0.95and error margin (0, 05).Results: The prevalence of LBP was found to be (n=133, 78.8%). The factors that are significantly associated to LBP were: Female gender (n=99, 81.3%), and who performing of some risky activities such as: change the bed sheet (P = 0.00), frequently push-pull heavy objects (P =0.05), and standing for prolong period during workday (P =0.035) Conclusion: prevalence of LBP among nurses is high, and practices that require heavy lifting and carrying the patients, prolong standing in a work day as a part of nursing care are among the main factors that cause LBP in nurses.

Keywords: Low Back Pain, Nurses, intensive care unit, selected hospital, Khartoum state.

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