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Quality of Drinking Water, in Basic Schools at Almatama Locality, River Nile State, Sudan.

Quality of Drinking Water, in Basic Schools at Al-Matama Locality, River Nile State, Sudan.

Monzer Alzepar Saleh Hamed1*, Ali Babekier Osman 2.

1.Shendi University, Faculty of Public Health, Environmental Health Department

2.Shendi University, Faculty of Public Health, Sudan – Email Address: monzerseta@hotmail.com

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Abstract

A descriptive cross-sectional school-based study was performed to evaluate the drinking water quality in basic schoolsat Almatamma locality. A questionnaire was used as a baseline survey of all basic school in the locality which is 117 in terms of school information, water quantity, quality and, sanitation facilities, sixty drinking water samples were collected from selected schools for physiochemical and bacteriological examination. Each school represent of s a group of schools that were supplied with the same  water source. Conductivity, PH, TDS, Ca, Mg, Na, F, Cl, SO4, K, No3, No2, and other physiochemical parameters of water samples werewithin the permissible limits. Total iron concentration, total hardness, and degree of turbidity were above the permissible limit. The bacteriological quality of 81 % of the water samples was above the WHO and Sudanese drinking water standards. The study concluded that water, sanitation, and hygiene was poor in the basic schools at Almatama Locality, and recommended to establish rules and methods for the school WASH program’s follow-up, monitoring, and evaluation, as well as encouraging community and civilian organizations to support WASH activities in basic schools.

Keywords: Drinking water quality, WASH, Basic schools, Almatamma

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